MacLEOD, Euphemia Jane (1866-1954)

Born on August 15th 1866 in Quebec City, Euphemia Jane MacLeod was the daughter of Donald Ross MacLeod, lumber merchant, and of Jane Brown.

MacLeod was one of the first two women to receive of Bachelor of Arts degree at Morrin College, Quebec City, in 1889. In 1894, she completed a Masters’ Degree in Philosophy at McGill University, the first women to receive such a degree at McGill.

She taught at Morrin College in 1901 and 1902, the last two years of the institution.

She was involved in movements against cruelty to animals. Her first volume of poetry was dedicated to the president of the British National Anti-Vivisection Society. She moved to Spokane, Washington around 1920, where her brother had been living for several years. She was involved on the board of the Washington Humane Education and Anti-Vivisection Society and wrote articles against cruelty to animals in the local press.

She published My Rose and Other Poems (1919) and Seances with Carlyle (1919).

She died in Spokane on December 23rd 1954.

– Patrick Donovan, June 2015



  • BLAIR, Louisa, Patrick DONOVAN et Donald FYSON. From Iron Bars to Bookshelves. Quebec : Septentrion, 2015 (forthcoming).
  • Census of Canada, 1881, 1891.
  • “Humane Education Officers to Stay.” Spokane Daily Chronicle, February 28, 1933.
  • MACLEOD, Euphemia. My Rose and Other Poems. Boston: The Four Seas Company, 1919.
  • MACLEOD, Euphemia. Seances with Carlyle. Boston: The Four Seas Company, 1919.
  • MACLEOD, Euphemia J.  “Six Animal Helpers.” Spokesman-Review, April 14, 1923.
  • McGill University. Graduates of McGill University, Montreal, corrected to April, 1897. Montreal: Printed for the University by Witness Print. House, 1897. p.45
  • Morrin College. Calendar of Morrin College, Quebec, 1897-98. Quebec: Printed at the Morning Chronicle office, 1897.
  • “Nicholas M. MacLeod.” The Chess Federation of Canada.
  • “Obituary : Euphemia J. Macleod.” Spokesman-Review, December 2, 1954.
  • Registry of Saint Peter’s Church, Quebec. Baptism: October 4, 1866. Drouin Collection.
  • “Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960,” index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 3 February 2015),
  • Euphemia J. Macleod, 23 Dec 1954; citing Spokane, Spokane, Washington, reference 22987, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Olympia; FHL microfilm 2,033,440